The value of a Disaster Recovery plan is how quickly you can react to your threat and implement your plan efficiently. Planning for a disaster is the prerequisite to planning for disaster recovery.
The extent of technological impact in any organization is extensive. Employees communicate with email and Voice over Internet Protocol (VOIP) telephone systems. Data and information are transmitted electronically from one company to another.
Processing and storing of large sources of data and information are done on servers. Electronic devices such as laptops, computers, and wireless devices are used to create, manage, process and store information.
Data and information are crucial to the existence and survival of most businesses. Data loss or technology breakdown can lead to huge negative impacts on business. It is therefore critical for businesses to have in place an effective IT disaster recovery plan for data backup and restoration.
Components of Internet technology system
Information technology systems consist of some components working together harmoniously. Software, hardware, data, and connectivity all must be working well for the entire system to function. A breakdown in one component affects the entire information technology system.
Developing effective recovery strategies should, therefore, consider the following:
- Computer environment – It should be secured, ventilated with climate control and backup power supply.
- Hardware – This refers to all electronic devices such as laptops, computers and wireless devices. Also includes servers, networks, and peripherals.
- Connectivity – This refers to all connections, i.e., fiber, wireless, cable to all service providers.
- Software applications – This includes all enterprise resource management software, electronic data interchange, and electronic mail.
- Data and restoration.
There are different data recovery solutions for different types of organizations. Large companies can afford dual data centers that act as a backup for all their processing needs as they cannot afford any downtime.
Smaller businesses that also have important data and business applications to safeguard can employ the following solutions:
Internal Recovery Strategies
Businesses usually have access to an off-site center where hardware and software applications can be run when required. This means that data should be backed up regularly or mirrored in the off-site to ensure a smooth recovery and restoration process in case of a disaster.
Vendor Supported Recovery Strategies
Some vendors provide “hot sites” services for IT disaster recovery. These sites act as dual centers with similar hardware and software applications that are stored ready for use in the event of a disaster.
Vendors can also host and manage data security services and applications and data streams on behalf of their clients. Cybersecurity and detection of malware threats are also additional services that can be provided.
Disaster Recovery Plan
All businesses should have an inventory of their hardware, software and data and a strategy to ensure all critical and important data is backed up. A documented and communicated disaster recovery plan forms part of the business continuity plan for the organization.